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Chilcote's Cow

1  -  11  APRIL

WED. 1                          Beautiful, bright day-- very pleasant


                21 -- Andrew McCauley  (1 KY I)

                22 -- James T. Shade  (1 KY F)



Skirmish Drill...Ordered [to] Pack nap [sic] Sack and have Sacks

to be Ready to march at a moment's Warning[.] Started at Eleven

o'clock at night. 


At 12 o'clock...[midnight on 1 April into the day on 2 April] we

were routed out, with orders to prepare three days' rations, in

knapsacks, for a reconnaissance... 



Had company drill in the forenoon, and batallion drill in the

afternoon.  In the evening we got orders to pack up and be

ready to move at a moment's notice...



...[Base] Ball and Foot Ball in the afternoon.  Night one of

beautiful moonlight.  1st KY, 31 IN, 90 OH and Battery

leave at 11 o'clock for Readyville, to join the 19th Brigade

in a move on Woodbury.  The 9th IN and 1st KY joining

the rear by a mountain road to the left.  The 6th KY and

41st OH follow [?] to the right.  The 31st IN, 90th OH and

110th IL with the Battery and cavalry moving direct.  March

very rapidly without a rest.  Wade streams, through fields,

over fences, climb mountains.  [I am sure, to a tired soldier,

the rolling hills of Rutherford and Cannon Counties might

have seemed like mountains, but Pilot Knob was the

highest elevation in the area and it was just over 1300

feet high--hardly a "mountain"!]






THUR.  2              Very pleasant


                36 -- Abraham Forter  (2 KY G)



Got to Woodbery [sic] at Sun up  Skirmished till 10 o'clock

then turned beck to Camp[.]  Come in Camp at Sundown

[--] Sore and tired.  Orders to move to morrow morning at

Revale [sic]



...[around 2 am] preparations were completed, when a

start was made.  All of our guns were taken, with two

train wagons.  The forge [forage?] and Battery wagons,

and all equipage, were left in camp.  The brigade divided

and took different roads.  The object of this movement

was to surprise and capture a force of Rebel cavalry,

who were camped between Woodbury and McMinnville.  

A part of the third brigade came out to our camp, on

guard duty, during the absence of our brigade.  The

expedition returned at night, having dispersed the enemy,

killing and wounding a number...[Our expedition] also

captured...[the Rebels'] entire camp equipage, several

wagons, a lot of horses and mules, and about twenty




Started about 1 o'clock this morning with two days'

rations in our havesacks, in pursuit of the Rebels,

towards Woodbury.  Got there about daylight.  The

Rebels heard of our coming and left before we could

head them off.  We captured 30 prisoners and all of

their provisions and many mules.  We then turned

about and marched back to our old camp, marching

in all, about 30 miles, reaching camp about sundown.



About 4 o'clock, exhausted with climbing mountains

discovered picket fires of the enemy.  The post soon 

captured, some of the cavalry excaping.  Move rapidly

keeping [?] to the Pike 6 miles beyond Woodbury.  


having arrived before us and having driven the rebels

from _____ capturing 30 prisoners, 30 wagons with

provisions and many horses.  __________ and their

return to Readyville _____ of the regiment.  A few

reach Cripple Creek having marched with but one rest

more than 40 miles. 




FRI.  3                     Very pleasant                                                      FULL MOON


            24 -- Thomas J. Heidrick  (31 IN I)

            25 -- Hugh Chambers  (1 OH LA)

Good Friday



Received orders to have 3 days Rations in haver sacks

and be Ready to march at Revalie [sic] the morning of the 4th



...The third brigade of our division passed camp.  Part

of the 15th Pennsylvania cavalry were with them.  They

had no camp equipage, and carried five days' rations.  

Were on a reconnaissance, and going towards Woodbury

and McMinnville.



Went on picket, and had a nice day of it.  Found a

guinea's nest with five eggs in it.



Slept last night in Ready's Barn having a sweet sleep.  

Move to camp early.  Yesterday's march the hardest

of our life and hundreds still behind.  Those in camp

too stiff and sore to move about...The Brigade at

Woodbury commanded by Col South...




SAT.  4                    Pleasant


          21 -- John T. Bannister  (1 KY H)

          21 -- Francis B. Waugh  (90 OH B)

          24 -- William A. Davis  (1 KY F)


Passover begins at Sundown



Started to Woodbery [sic[ at Sun up  Got there

about noon [and] took dinner[.]Went on Picket

[--Companies] B and K[.]  Several Contrabands

Presented them selves for Protection[.]



Part of our brigade went to Readyville, as

guard to General Hazen's camp.



Drew five days' rations and policed our quarters.  

Many of the boys amused themselves by pitching

horseshoes.  Others did their washing.



...Regiment on Picket relieving the 90th Ohio.  The

2nd KY and 31st IN joining in another expedition on

Woodbury.  The rebels having returned.  The 10th

Brigade and Stanley's Cavalry passing last night

for that purpose...





SUN.  5                 Clear and pleasant


         22 -- John T. Bannister  (1 KY H)

         23 -- James H. Fast  (1 OH LA)

Easter Sunday



Rested all day in Camp at Woodbery [sic]  all quiet 



Eleventh week in camp.



Relieved the 31st Indiana on picket, they going out on a

scout.  Milked Chilcote's cow again.  [Even though the

word "again" is used, this is the first mention of Chilcote's

cow.  Keep in mind, the account is a composite of the 

diaries from Chilcote and Mauk that were printed in the

Regimental History in 1902.  This also explains why

Chilcote is referred to in the third person sometimes.]



...Relieved by the 90th Ohio.  Charley Myers returned

yesterday evening.  Learn Maj Phili Foreman died last

Sunday at _________.  Charley Rice very low.  Company

inspection at one o'clock...Sign the pay rolls for two months.  

______ and Charley Myers in our tent...The 2nd KY

and 31 IN at Woodbury.




MON.  6                Very pleasant


          20 -- John Gibbens  (31 IN H)

          21 -- James W. Wood  (90 OH G)

          21 -- William Switzer  (90 OH G)

          30 -- Thomas Maun  (31 IN I)

          36 -- Stephen D. Renouard  (1 OH LA)



Orders to march at Sun up[.]  Went some 8 or 9 miles

on the McMinnville Road[.]  Returned to Camp at

Woodbery [sic --] no Rebels to be found  all quiet



Remained on picket in place of the 2 Companies out on

Pilot Knob



...Again on Picket.  Having a pleasant time.  George Botkin

returns from Bowling Green in good health...The regiments

at Woodbury _______returns.  Night very beautiful but cold.




TUE.  7                Another pleasant day





Left Woodberry [sic] for Camp at Cripple Creek[.]  

Got to Camp at noon[.]  all quiet[.]  Paymaster at

Camp Ready to the Brigade for 4 months. [What

does "Ready" mean in that last sentence?  Was

a word left out?  Perhaps "Paymaster at Camp

Ready to PAY the Brigade for 4 months?"]  beautiful




Were paid to-day up to 1st of March



Came in off picket, signed the pay-roll, and took down

our tents again.



...Relieved by the 90th [OH]...The regiment paid by

Sgt Botkin for 4 months.  I received $76.40[.]  The

31st IN and the 2nd KY return to camp about noon.  

They went 3 miles beyond Woodbury.  Report

Reynolds moved infantry and Stanley's brigade of

cavalry as having entered McMinnville.  Geo Hunt

reports the arrest of a Spy at Murfreesboro who trying

to excape, was bayonetted by the guard.  





WED. 8                 Beautiful day--clear and pleasant


         23 -- James A. Eichor  (90 OH B)

           38 -- Capt. Jeremiah Mewhinney  (31 IN C)



Beautiful day  all quiet[.]  on Picket to day



Did not get paid-off to-day.  Drew two days'

rations of beef.  In the evening had dress parade.



...Sleep interrupted last night by calling for details.  

No line of battle in our regiment.  Another list of

absentees called for...A new flag received, a present

from the Ladies of Cincinnati.  [It would officially be

presented to the regiment on 12 April.]  John Hines returns

coming from Nashville.  In poor health and looking

very bad.  Cavalry passing coming from toward Woodbury.






THUR.  9              Clear and warm


                21 -- Elliott Bowen  (31 IN C)


Bright and Pleasant to day[.]  hiered [sic] Buzzard to Cook

for mess No 2 for 50 cts. Per month.



Drew four months' pay, which was $52 each, for the privates.



...Sent by express _____ $50 for myself, 40 dollars for Meek

and ___ dollars for Schultz.  On Picket at 8 o'clock.  A pleasant

time...Receive a letter from Maria Jones when shots fired at

[the] horses.





FRI. 10                Warm and pleasant

          20 -- William Eagan  (90 OH B)




Payed by Major Griffin for 4 months a mounting to 77 [dollars]

and 95 cts.  Received Payment in full of Oliver Leonard for Watch.



Had inspection in order to find the number of able-bodies

men in the regiment.  Had dress parade in the evening.



...Have quite a time last night keeping the picket line clear.  

No drill but camp thoroughly policed.  Learn of the death of

2 McDaniel Boys, Baker, Wright, and Wash Harris all Clarke

[sic] County Soldiers.






SAT.  11             Warm and sultry; Night rainy

          20 -- Joseph A. Day  (1 OH LA)

                28 -- Allen W. Oldfield  (90 OH G)



Passover ends



Started 80 dollars home[.]  Sent it to Nashville By Billy

Ryan to be Expressed to Spencer in Care of G. E. Allison.



At roll call we had orders to draw three days' rations, and

be in readiness to move at daylight next morning.



Went on picket.  At night there came a heavy thunder

shower, which lasted nearly all night.



Line of battle before Reveille.  Good Muster by Inspector

Tooley[Seth Tuley] at 8 o'clock...Hear that rebels captured

the express train between Murfreesboro and Nashville

getting much money.  At night receive orders to pack up

--the baggage ready to send to Murfreesboro and to be

ready to move with 3 days['] rations.

Wade streams,                      Over fences, 

                     Through fields,                      Climb       


Base Ball and Foot Ball

Gen. David Stanley

12  -  25  April

Gen. Lovell Rousseau

Gen. Jefferson C.


Gen. Thomas L. 


SUN.  12                  Conflicting reports:  Damp and cloudy or Beautiful and bright?


          22 -- William H. McDowell  (31 IN H)

          27 -- Washington Poling  (90 OH G)



On Picket to day[.]  Beautiful Bright day[.]  all quiet



All were ready to move, but no further order was

given in regard to doing so.  In the afternoon the

First and Second Kentucky infantry were each

presented with a beautiful flag.  The weather

continues fine.  This was our twelfth week in

present camp.



Milked the old lady's cow again, this morning...[Chilcote]

was afraid the cow might go dry, if not attended to regularly.

Went to camp and got ready to March, but did not move.



Damp and cloudy.  Sleep last night with gum blankets and

overcoats leaving the knapsacks packed.  [Patrick] Flanagan

discharged March 26.  Write to Father and Mother.  [John]  

Lamme had $500 on the captured train.  Flags presented

at 4 o'clock to the 1stKY and the 2nd KY by Genl Cruft.  A

grand parade of the whole Brigade.  Enyart makes a first-rate






MON.  13                 Very warm and pleasant day;  Night rainy


           19 -- William Samuels  (31 IN A)

             23 -- 1 Lt William J. Webb  (90 OH H)

           24 -- Charles Graham  (31 IN H)

           31 -- Alexander McIntosh  (1 KY F)



Received Notice of the discharge of Jo Kanayer [from

a hospital in] Louisville KY March 27th - 63



This was a very warm morning.  Some of our men

were detailed on picket, some to guard at headquarters.



...Yesterday a descent made on gambling institutions.  

On Picket this morning going prepared to move.  A

pleasant time...Hear in the evening that Charleston has fallen.





TUE.  14                  Morning damp and cloudy;  Night disagreeably rainy






Raind [sic] all day


ChilcoteTook down our tents again, to "air them",

but about noon it began to rain and we put them up again.



...Not relieved till nearly nine o'clock.  Receive notice of

discharge on Surgeon's Certificate of William Jones at

Louisville March 2nd by order of Col Monday.  Finish my

letter [to Father and Mother].  Prevented from writing

others by the rain.  The picket[s] now ordered to take

knapsack[s] with them.  Another descent made on

gambling establishments.  Night disagreeably rainy....






WED.  15                 Damp and drizzling rain all day


          21 -- John F. Swingo  (31 IN H)



Still Raining and disagreeable wether [sic]



A drizzly day, and we are on picket again, Rained all day.



...Roll call under arms but no line of Battle...





THUR.  16                Morning cloudy;  Afternoon clear and warm


                23 -- Lt. William J. Webb  (90 OH E)

                24 -- Michael Kinser  (1 KY C)


On Picket to driziling [sic] Rain[.]  Cleared of[f] be fore nite

all quiet.



Cleared off and was a nice day.  Had dress parade in the evening.



...Our company relieve Co. B of the 31st IN on Picket that they

may attend the funeral of Lieut Pike.  _____ only a few hours.  

[John] Guthrie at town and [John] Snediker in as well...Guthrie

reports Charley Rice much better...





FRI.  17                    Warm and pleasant                                                       NEW MOON





             20 -- Martin Carroll  (2 KY H)

            20? -- James M. Sloan  (1 OH LA)  [Tomb stone 1842, Family 1843, 1900 Census 1844]

              31 -- Jesse Hyde (Sgt 1 KY H)


[Date incorrectly given as Friday, the 12th]  Sent 2 dollars to 

Nashville for the Nashville Union to be sent home



Everything quiet in camp, and nothing worthy of note occurred.



...On Picket having a pleasant time.  Last night rebels at Halls

Mills [Halls Hill?] and a squad passes very near our lines capturing

a negro and a horse belonging to camp...







SAT.  18                  Forenoon very warm;  Afternoon showers



                     33 -- Isaac E. Hall  (90 OH D)



Still quiet in camp.  Played off sick to escape duty of fixing up

[the] surgeon's tent.



...Relieved early and return to camp, police the quarters, _______

____ and gravel the streets...[Cpl. James] Crouse returns from

[hospital in] Nashville looking remarkable [?] _______________






SUN.  19                  Morning damp and cloudy;  Afternoon and evening clear and warm


          26 -- Daniel R. Anderson  (1 KY H)



This was our picket day again, and was a damp, drizzly day.



...Do not hear the bugle an do not make ________ daylight.  

No Reveille, no line of battle _____ roll call...Dress Parade in

the evening.  Sergt Johns ordered to his company...







MON.  20                 Beautiful and warm


          19  -- John L. Barnes  (1 OH LA)

          20 -- Rudolph Miller (1 KY K)

            22 -- Eli Bratton  (31 IN I)

          27 -- John Weidmeyer  (1 KY B)

          29 -- Sgt. Jacob G. Miller  (90 OH B)




On Picket duty to day[.]  Beautiful wether [sic]  all quiet



General Reynolds' division passed our camp on another

reconnaissance towards Woodbury and McMinnville.



Genl Rousseau's division marched through here today

on its way to the front..



...Company all on duty--a part of the regt on a scout.  

A large body of troops pass to the front[.]  Infantry _____

Brigade from Rossau [sic] one from Reynolds and one

from Wood--Artillery 4 batteries.  Cavalry one brigade ride

besides some mounted infantry...






TUE.  21                  Pleasant; Rain during the night


          19 -- Adam Sprinkle  (1 OH LA) 

          27 -- George W. Walters  (90 OH B)



The men were this day--as well as several days previous--

engaged in clearing u camp--hauling gravel and evergreens.  

The ground had been leveled off, and covered with gravel,

and arbors and summer-houses built of evergreens, stables

made for horses, and our camp otherwise beautified.  It now

presented a cheerful appearance.  From indications it appeared

that we were to remain here for some time to come.  We

were favored with fine weather--but little rain having fallen

during the last month.  [I realize this is being written a few

years after the War, but there had been quite a bit of rain

in the few weeks before this.  It is in the weeks to come

when there is a scarcity of rain.]  Everything in nature

looked beautiful.



Most of the boys were detailed to work in camp.  Dress

parade in the evening.



...[Capt. John] Lamme starts for home [on furlough].  I send

my Diaries and watch giving him 5 dollars to have it repaired 

and purchase some books.  On Picket--having a pleasant time...  





WED.  22                 Day and night both pleasant


          24 -- Benjamin V. Rector  (31 IN C)

          27? -- George W. Johnson  (31 IN H)




Lieutenant [J. Hale] Sypher was sent to Cleveland on a

recruiting service on the 22nd inst.



Dress parade as usual.  Not much going on.  Some are

working about camp.



...All the boys busy building arbors and beautifying the

camp.  [Samuel] Duff and I commence one.  





THUR.  23                       Warm and pleasant


          27 -- Henry E. Wyeth  (31 IN C)



Chilcote says he and Bradford Lott worked nearly

all day putting up a "pup" tent.  When we went out

[from our training camps], we had large tents

[Sibley tents] which would accommodate a number

of men.  These tents were hauled in wagons, and

when the wagon train did not get up [to where the

troops had moved to], we had to sleep on the ground

without any covering.  In order that we might save

the mules, and have shelter for ourselves at all times,

these tents were dispensed with, so far as the privates

were concerned, and a square piece of heavy muslin

or duck, about 5 feet square, with buttons on one edge,

and button holes on the other, were issued to the men.  

If the men divided off, which they did, two or three

messing together, and each with a piece of "pup" tent,

as they were called, a shelter could soon be made by

buttoning two pieces together and putting up a ridge

pole and staking the edges to the ground, making a shed

ike the comb of a house roof.  The third piece was used

to shut up one end, or if a fourth piece, both ends.  By this

arrangement, the men carried their own tents, and the

[wagons drawn by mule] teams were used for other purposes.    



...Again at work at the arbor.  [Sgt. Francis] Abbott completes

his--the finest in the Brigade.  Genl Cruft and Col Enyart to

look at it.  Hundreds come to admire.  [Sgt. James] Gregg at

town--Reports Charley Rice worse.  Dress parade in the

afternoon.  Several shots fired on picket.  No alarm in camp.   







FRI.  24                   Warm and pleasant

            22 -- Jeremiah Arndt  (1 OH LA)




On Picket to day fears wear [were] felt that the enamy [sic]

wear [were] Prowling a bout our lines at Night



On picket again.  It is a nice warm day, and the people are

planting corn close to us.



...An old order to wake the men half an hour before line of

battle issued but not complied with.  At work all day, policing

camp and building arbors.  Genl Cruft visits our quarters twice

with Col Enyart...[Why?]






SAT.  25                  Beautiful and bright





General Crittenden and Staff with General Cruft inspected quarters

to day[.]  all quiet [--] a beautiful bright day.



A teamster belonging to the brigade, while intoxicated, fell off his

mule just in front of our camp.  The wagon passed over him, injuring        

him so severely that he died the same night.  Could not learn his

name, nor to what regiment he belonged.  [He was Pvt. John Koelch,

the Wagoner for Co. K of the 1 KY.]



...Quarters thoroughly policed early before going on picket.  Generals

Crittenden, Davis, and Staff visit camp and with Genl Cruft visit our

quarters.  Two squads of women came to trade.  They gossip about

the report that Breckenridge had shot Bragg at Chattanooga...










26  -  30  April



SUN.  26                 Morning warm



Fourteen weeks this day since we arrived here.  Lieutenant

[Norman]  Baldwin started for home, on a short furlough.  

The teamster who was killed the day previous was buried this day.



This is Sunday.  Had preaching at 4 o'clock today by

Cpl. James J. Holliday of Co. H.  Dress Parade after




...[Robert] Stoker returns to the company...A teamster

accidentally killed yesterday and buried today.  Make out the

discharge papers of [Cpl. James] Crouse, [Charles] Myers,

and [John] Hinds.  The McMinnville expedition successful.  John Morgan's

wife a prisoner within our lines.  Provisions and trains captured.




MON.  27                Warm and sultry during the day;  Rained all night


          17 -- Joseph Collins  (90 OH E)


On picket again to-day.  Rained all night, and was very




[Sgt. Samuel] Duff receives a box of provisions from home.  

Detained so long on the way that the things are nearly all

spoiled.  Make out today List of Absences and Monthly

Return.  [Sgt. Francis] Abbot returns to camp...Dress Parade

in the evening.  Duff's box was first sent to Readyville.




TUE.  28                 Mingled sunshine and showers



          22 -- Lawson S. Wharton  (31 IN H)

          46 -- Joseph B. Moore  (5 Mid TN Cav)



On Picket to day  all quiet  Sprinkled Rain all night


Had orders to hold ourselves ready to move at any

moment.  Considerable Rebel cavalry were daily

seen hovering around our lines.  Nothing very

serious apprehended.



Cleared off and was a very nice day.  The regiments had

dress parade in the evening.



...Sibleys taken down and shelter tents put up.  Ride early

to the Knob with Sam Robb and enjoy the splendid view of

Sublime scenery.  Murfreesboro and the smoke from the

rebel camp near Shelbyville visible with the naked eye.  

With the glass see Triune 26 miles distant.  Two rain storms pass over the mountains in dark sublimity...




WED.  29             April Showers; Rainy during the night


              24 -- Hanson W. Bleaks  (2 KY D) 

              29 -- August Wedekind  (1 KY K)



tore down Sibley tents and put up Shelter tents[.]  Received tactics

[Rifle and Infantry Tactics by Brig. Gen. W. J. Hardee, I suppose]

from New York Part 1st and 2nd[,]  Price 50 cents.



Received orders this morning to pack up, have two days'

rations in our haversacks, and be ready to move any moment,

but did not move.



A real April Day.  Full of showers.  On Picket--having a good

time...The Rebels reported advancing in force--Cornelius Dorin

and Horatio Farrar return to the company from Nashville.  Night





THUR. 30.                     Warm day


            22-- George A. Ater  (90 OH A)



Prair and Thanksgiving observed  Speech by

Reverend [Hiram] Gilmore



Regular month's muster for pay.  Our tents were also turned

over to the Quarter-Master.  We were to have what are termed

"shelter" tents, in place of our old ones [Sibley tents].  The men

call them "dog" tents, and they are rightly named.  This was the

day set apart, by President Lincoln, as a day of fasting and prayer,

everything went on as usual in camp.  The men said that they had

done enough fasting.



Mustered for next pay.  Had brigade drill and dress parade.



...Not relieved till after 10 o'clock on account of Muster in

camp.  Our co. mustered at 1 o'clock...[William] Cobaugh

in Hospital.  Make out Descriptive Rolls for Cobaugh,

[Cpl. James] Crouse, and [Charles] Meyer.  Dress Parade

afternoon.  Guthrie and Abbot have to await leave of

absence from the War Dept.  [They had been scheduled

to go on a recruiting trip, but had to return before they had

even left Murfreesboro.]



    Men celebrating birthdays while at Cripple Creek in April (exact date unknown):
            18 -- Theodore Ranagan  (1 KY B)
          19 -- Christian Schall  (1 KY F)
          19 -- Andrew Karnes  (90 OH B)
          19 -- John R. Gardner  (90 OH B)
          22 (?) -- George Walters  (1 OH B)
          26 -- 1 Lt. Patrick J. Brown (1 KY D)
          31 -- Edwin Chester  (1 OH LA)


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